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What is a Smart Drink?

A smart drink is a functional beverage designed to optimise brain function and health.

What does a Smart Drink contain?

Smart drinks contain ingredients known as nootropics. By definition, nootropics are compounds that enhance mental functions including memory, motivation, concentration and learning capabilities.

Nootropics can be divided into two categories: synthetic, lab created compounds or natural earth grown nootropics. Shine+ contains only natural and scientifically tested nootropics ensuring both safety and effectiveness.

Why a Smart Drink?

Although smart pills or capsules have existed for some time, a pill can often be inconvenient and uncomfortable, especially when swallowing more than one pill at a time. A beverage on the other hand is both more convenient than a pill, and allows for a more efficient and complete absorption of the nootropics and vitamins.

Secondly, we are now in the midst of another revolution; the cognitive revolution. This revolution is predicated on our ability to think on our feet, remember facts and figures and out smart our competition. What we need is optimal brain function and the ability to combat mental fatigue.

The scientific mechanism underlying a Smart Drink

Brain function is a term used to describe a great number of different brain-mediated processes. These processes allow us to perceive, evaluate, store, manipulate, and use information from both external and internal sources. Importantly, nutritional factors such as the ingredients found in smart drinks, can have both a positive and helpful effect on a range of brain processes.

Below we’ve broken down the key cognitive domains and identified which brain processes are influenced by the active ingredients found in shine+.

Executive function


Involves complex processes such as reasoning, planning, evaluation and strategic thinking.

Ingredients in shine+ influencing executive function:

+ Caffeine
+ Green Tea (L-theanine)
+ Ginkgo Biloba

Memory

Memory can be subdivided into “working memory” where information is held in the short term, and secondary memory where information is stored and retrieved at a later date.

Ingredients in shine+ influencing both divisions of memory:

+ Ginkgo Biloba
+ Green Tea (EGCG)
+ Turmeric (Curcumin)

Attention

Attention can be broken down into selective, focused, sustained and divided attention.

Ingredients in shine+ influencing attention:

+ Caffeine
+ Green Tea (L-theanine)
+ Ginkgo Biloba
+ Ginseng

Natural nootropics in shine+

Ginkgo Biloba

Ginkgo Biloba is one of the oldest surviving tree species on earth, leading to its description as a ‘living fossil’. Ginkgo Biloba does much of the heavy lifting when it comes to enhancing both working and long term memory through its vasodilator, anti-oxidant and neuroprotective effects. 

Benefits:

+ Memory

+ Learning capabilities

Evidence supporting Ginkgo Biloba

  1. Stough, C., Clarke, J., Lloyd, J., & Nathan, P. J. (2001). Neuropsychological Changes After 30-day Ginkgo Biloba Administration In Healthy Participants. International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology4(2), 131-134.

  1. Mahadevan, S., & Park, Y. (2008). Multifaceted Therapeutic Benefits Of Ginkgo biloba L.: chemistry, efficacy, safety, and uses. Journal of Food Science73(1), R14-R19. 

  1. Scholey, A. B., & Kennedy, D. O. (2002). Acute, Dose‐dependent Cognitive Effects of Ginkgo Biloba, Panax Ginseng And Their Combination In Healthy Young Volunteers: Differential Interactions With Cognitive Demand. Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental17(1), 35-44.

Green tea (L-theanine & EGCG) + Caffeine

Green tea prepared from the leaves of Camellia Sinensis contains L-theanine, EGCG and caffeine, a well known synergistic combination for mental performance. The pairing of L-theanine and caffeine produces an increase in alpha brain waves, a state associated with a calm and relaxed focus.

Benefits:

+ Focus

+ Reduce mental fatigue

Evidence supporting Green tea (L-theanine & EGCG) + Caffeine:

  1. Feng, L., Chong, M. S., Lim, W. S., Gao, Q., Nyunt, M. S. Z., Lee, T. S., ... & Ng, T. P. (2016). Tea Consumption Reduces The Incidence Of Neurocognitive Disorders: Findings From the Singapore Longitudinal Aging Study. The journal of nutrition, health & aging20(10), 1002-1009.

  1. Camfield, D. A., Stough, C., Farrimond, J., & Scholey, A. B. (2014). Acute Effects Of Tea Constituents L-theanine, Caffeine, And Epigallocatechin Gallate On Cognitive Function And Mood: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis. Nutrition reviews72(8), 507-522.

  1. Owen, G. N., Parnell, H., De Bruin, E. A., & Rycroft, J. A. (2008). The Combined Effects Of L-theanine And Caffeine On Cognitive Performance And Mood. Nutritional neuroscience11(4), 193-198.

Turmeric (Curcumin)

Turmeric a popular superfood, contains curcumin, a polyphenol from the rhizome of turmeric. Curcumin has been shown to be neuroprotective due to its  ability to cross the blood brain barrier and exert an anti-oxidant effect.

Benefits:

+ Memory

+ Attention

Evidence supporting Turmeric (Curcumin):

  1. Cox, K. H., Pipingas, A., & Scholey, A. B. (2015). Investigation of the effects of solid lipid curcumin on cognition and mood in a healthy older population. Journal of psychopharmacology29(5), 642-651.
  1. Rainey-Smith, S. R., Brown, B. M., Sohrabi, H. R., Shah, T., Goozee, K. G., Gupta, V. B., & Martins, R. N. (2016). Curcumin and cognition: a randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind study of community-dwelling older adults. British Journal of Nutrition115(12), 2106-2113. 
  1. Sharman, J., Galeshi, R., Onega, L., Ashby, S., & Sharman, K. (2017). The Efficacy of Curcumin on Cognition, Depression, and Agitation in Older Adults with Alzheimer’s Disease. The Open Nutrition Journal11(1).

Siberian Ginseng

Siberian Ginseng (Eleutherococcus Senticosus) is technically known as an adaptogen. An adaptogen is widely defined as a substance that may increase work capacity during times of strenuous activity and reduce the effects of stress on the body.

Benefits:

+ Adaptogen

+ Anti-fatigue

Evidence supporting Siberian Ginseng: 

  1. Cicero, A. F. G., Derosa, G., Brillante, R., Bernardi, R., Nascetti, S., & Gaddi, A. (2004). Effects Of Siberian Ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus maxim.) On Elderly Quality Of Life: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics38, 69-73.
  1. Asano, K., Takahashi, T., Miyashita, M., Matsuzaka, A., Muramatsu, S., Kuboyama, M., ... & Imai, J. (1986). Effect of Eleutheroccocus Senticosus Extract On Human Physical Working Capacity. Planta Medica52(03), 175-177.
  1. Kuo, J., Chen, K. W., Cheng, I. S., Tsai, P. H., Lu, Y. J., & Lee, N. Y. (2010). The Effect Of Eight Weeks Of Supplementation With Eleutherococcus Senticosus On Endurance Capacity And Metabolism In Human. Chin J physiol53(2), 105-11.

Vitamins B2, B6 & B12

B vitamins are essential for normal physiological functioning, yet are not produced in the body, and are therefore known as “essential vitamins”, which must be obtained from the diet. B vitamins act as coenzymes, meaning they are essential for many key reactions in the body.

In relation to brain function, B vitamin play an important role in the synthesis of neurotransmitters such as dopamine and serotonin, whilst also regulating homocysteine levels, allowing the brain to function optimally.

Benefits:

+ Brain health

+ Neuroprotective

Evidence supporting B vitamins: 

  1. Kennedy, D. O. (2016). B Vitamins And The Brain: Mechanisms, Dose And Efficacy—A Review. Nutrients8(2), 68.
  1. McGarel, C., Pentieva, K., Strain, J. J., & McNulty, H. (2015). Emerging Roles For Folate And Related B-Vitamins In Brain Health Across The Lifecycle. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society74(01), 46-55.
  1. Smith, A. D., Smith, S. M., De Jager, C. A., Whitbread, P., Johnston, C., Agacinski, G., ... & Refsum, H. (2010). Homocysteine-lowering By B Vitamins Slows The Rate Of Accelerated Brain Atrophy In Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Randomized Controlled Trial. PloS one5(9), e12244.

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